Software development

Forming Stage of Group Development: Definition & Explanation

The adjourning stage is also known as the mourning or termination stage of team development. The adjourning stage is the last stage of team development which signifies that the team is ready for dismissal. Do all these and your team is prepared for the next stage of team development which is the dream stage of all teams.

forming stage of team development

Well, that question is open to interpretation, but we will start with the first step in the team building process which is forming. We will discuss what makes up that stage and how each person in the team fits into the process. Some teams adjourn with silence, some with celebration, and others with sadness. Regardless of the length or success of a project, each team deserves a hearty affirmation of its concerted efforts. The adjourning phase is a fantastic opportunity for leaders to encourage long-term connections, reflect on the growth of the team, and celebrate the project closing.

Common Characteristic of the Storming Stage

They feel proud when they see that they each spend about 4 hours a week on gardening, as that means a larger amount of vegetables will produce well. Daisy called a lot of shots in the Forming stage, so she emerges as the dominant team leader in this stage. She proposes a clear schedule and takes charge of contacting the local store to see what supplies they can get here, and what supplies they may need to go to the city for. She wants to go to the city to buy seeds because they cannot get the broccoli seed she wants in the local store. Now, this is where things get tense for Adam, Daisy, Daniel, Mark, and Stella as they set their plan into motion, while their 5 personalities and opinions clash.

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forming stage of team development

Sometimes, subgroups may form around particular opinions or authority figures — which are all clear signs that team cohesion has not happened yet. A general idea of what types of vegetables they could grow is forming and includes tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchinis, and peppers. At the last moment, Daisy also suggests four stages of team development they grow 20 sq feet of broccoli. The position of this unofficial leader may also be occupied by the strongest authority figure in the team. They are also overly positive about the project, because it’s new, and new is always exciting. The Performing Stage — mainly characterized by overall synergy.

What are the Five Stages of Team Development?

And you can also use data visualization tools to visualize important data and monitor the team’s performance. So, the performing stage sees all the members of the team up and doing with their various responsibilities. However, conflicts are quickly resolved in a team at the norming stage. After the team might have successfully navigated the storming stage, then the norming stage is where resolution and acceptance take place. You have to utilize different methods of conflict management while leading members to understand and take comfort in their differences. In this storming stage, team members begin to take note of their differences which most times leads to dissatisfaction with each other.

forming stage of team development

At this stage, you might need to become more active than ever in making sure the team is still on the right path towards the achievement of its goals and objectives. Ensuring that the team doesn’t go back to the storming stage is one of your topmost roles as the team leader. The storming stage is the most important and critical stage among all the other stages even though it is not as life threatening as sea storms. Failure to manage this stage successfully can cause the failure of the team. Since members are still yet to be conversant with their specific roles, there is usually a low level of productivity at this stage.

Teams have the potential to immediately amass, organize, relocate, and disperse. It is essential to consider the fact that teams develop and get mature over a period of time. Team development creates a captivating atmosphere by encouraging co-operation, teamwork, interdependence and by building trust among team members.

Reasons Why Blended Learning Is Ideal for Corporate Training

Performing is the stage of team development when team members have productive relationships and are able to communicate and coordinate effectively and efficiently. Another feature of the forming stage is spending time clarifying goals and objectives. Even at this early stage of group development, the members should start to show buy-in to the group’s mission. The group will also take up tasks that do not generate conflict or controversy. Routine matters, such as meeting times and individual roles and responsibilities, will be on the group’s agenda. A group leader may play a larger role in directing the group during this stage as compared to other stages of group development.

Document the comments so that it’s easy to see which trends emerge and what changes need to be made going forward. In the performing stage, teams are in sync and work more efficiently together than at any previous stage. Teams that have been working closely for some time have resolved enough issues to understand what success looks like for them. For example, success can be anything from higher customer acquisition to a positive shift in the metrics they’re tracking. Disagreements are unavoidable on teams, especially when each person on the team has a different perspective on how to approach the issues the team encounters. When you all work in the same location, it can be easier to hash out problems quickly.

  • Team building activities focus on bringing people with different areas of expertise together and getting them to interact outside their comfort zone.
  • Encouraging your team to share their ideas and opinions is the key to finding the “big ideas”.
  • An easy way to do so is by encouraging everyone’s participation in team activities.
  • Address and resolve conflicts and problems as soon as they arise.
  • You have done a good job if you can manage your team successfully to reach this last stage of team development.
  • Thus, leaders should be supportive and help members transition smoothly into the new roles.

The principal work for the team during the Forming stage is to create a team with clear structure, goals, direction and roles so that members begin to build trust. During the Forming stage, much of the team’s energy is focused on defining the team so task accomplishment may be relatively low. During the Forming stage of team development, team members are usually excited to be part of the team and eager about the work ahead. Members often have high positive expectations for the team experience.

Here are all the 5 stages

Patience and consideration toward team members and their views go a long way toward avoiding this. End each meeting with insightful and constructive feedback that improves the group process. High-functioning teams work so well together that facilitator roles can rotate without impacting their performance.

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Then, the rest of the teammates can act as interviewers and ask different questions to the interviewee. Have each participant shares the goal that he wants to achieve in a year and the reason for that. The members must know how they will collaborate in order to meet the team’s goals. The third task the teams must accomplish is to figure out how their members work together as a group. You will also find that imposing goals on people doesn’t work nearly as well as having them tell you as to what goals they will strive for.

What is the team development process?

Physical, attitude, and behavior change take place, sometimes in a very rapid way. At the same time, the need to find an identity becomes very important. A team may also need to return to an earlier stage if its performance declines. This stage often occurs at a time of uncertainty, especially for those that fear change or are unsure of what their next role will be in the company. Leaders should also find opportunity to offer leadership support when necessary.

forming stage of team development

At this stage, the team is believed to have completed its tasks and can be satisfactorily dissolved. Since everyone’s hand is on deck at this stage, the team’s performance will highly increase to the maximal level. At this stage, the team might meet more often than not and communicate physically and digitally with office phone systems and video conferencing tools. Team collaboration is very high at this stage and team members can easily make use of team collaboration software to further increase their collaboration level.

For example, you can organize a celebration party where the team members can celebrate the team’s achievement and reflect on the past activities in the team. But apart from the sadness, they also feel anxious about what they should expect in the future, especially in the organization. Regardless of the happiness of the team members at this stage, they also feel sad. Let’s say the team was formed to oversee the development of a particular product and test the quality of the developed products. Before the discord and disharmony could eat deep into the team and revert it back to the storming stage, they are promptly resolved as they arise.


After this stage, the next stages that will follow are storming, norming, performing, and adjourning. This has the effect of postponing to the point of losing joy in the desire to achieve your goals. When your team members experience challenges in dealing with one another, as long as you offer good leadership, they will soon come out of the situation.

Your Roles as the Team Leader

Teammates move beyond the introductory forming stage and start putting plans into action. At this point, teammates have built up enough trust to feel safe sharing honest opinions with the others. In terms of the dating metaphor, this stage is akin to a couple’s first fight, a disagreement over something silly like a comment over a movie or a mess in the sink.

While conflict may still arise in this stage, it no longer spirals into dysfunction. The team can handle conflict and proceed with the project successfully. In an organization, the adjourning stage could translate into a change in employees’ job responsibilities. For instance, if the team develops a new work process for improving the customer experience, members may be asked to oversee the new and improved process. The norming stage is when the entire team starts to work as a cohesive unit. By now, team members have figured out a strategy for working together.

They’ve polished out most questions and bought everything they need. To buy what they need, they’ve even made a road trip to the city together — they’ve used this time to bond and get to know each other better. In some cases, the Norming Stage may often be intersected by the Storming Stage. It may even revert to it unless the team makes the effort to communicate problems, and then learn from these interactions.

Resources created by teachers for teachers

And, because there’s a bond and a relationship already built amongst the team members, it’s easier and faster to get to a resolution if a conflict were to occur. And although it may be slightly cliche, there’s a lot of truth to it. When you’re on a team full of high performers and go-getters, even the most daunting of goals or end-result becomes a lot easier to face head-on and accomplish.

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